Main Causes Of Bad Breath.
The main causes of bad breath is indeed a common health problem,
that greatly affects the day to day activities of so many people.
In other words, an offensive odor from the mouth is truly unpleasant to
those who come in close contact with bad breathers.
For this reason, this problem will be surely doubled by psychological trauma leading to depression.
The sufferers from this problem will be isolated from society.
As an illustration, this can even lead to marital disharmony.
As a matter of fact, all human beings are bad breathers.
The oral cavity contains millions of anaerobic bacteria,
for example, Fusobacterium and actinomyces,
which acts on the protein of food materials and putrifies them.
However, this process results in the formation of offensive gases in particular
hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, cadaverine, skatol, putrescine, etc causing bad odor.
Specifically, if oral hygiene is not maintained properly all will suffer from bad breath.
Most of us control this by regular brushing, tongue cleaning, and gargling.
Even after maintaining cleanliness in the mouth some individuals still suffer from
offensive smell due to various causes that have to be diagnosed and treated properly.
Some main causes of bad breath.
1) Poor oral hygiene:
Above all, if oral hygiene is not maintained properly,
the mouth becomes the seat for millions of bacteria that
produce offensive gases by degrading the food debris.
Bad breath is also severe in those who do not brush
their teeth regularly and clean their mouth after every food.
Moreover, snacks taken in between meals can also produce
bad breath because of improper cleaning.
Bad breath is common in almost all people in the morning on waking.
But during sleep, there is less production of saliva.
To demonstrate, saliva has got some antibacterial properties that help to keep the mouth clean.
Saliva also contains oxygen molecules that are needed to make oral cavity aerobic.
So the reduction in its quantity during sleep
makes a favorable condition for anaerobic bacteria.
The main causes of bad breath are due to the degradation of protein
by the bacteria and hence all food products rich in protein favors bad breath.
Meat, fish, milk products, eggs, cakes, nuts, pear and it can cause bad breath.
Some food articles can produce a particular type of smell which may be unpleasant.
Raw onion can produce a typical bad smell.
It is said that an apple a day keeps the doctor away,
a raw onion a day keeps everybody away.
Eating groundnuts can also produce a bad smell.
However, if proper cleaning is done smell
can be reduced irrespective of the nature of food.
Irregularity in the timing of food can also produce bad breath.
Small food articles taken in between the meals can also produce a bad smell.
There is the formation of a thin sticky
coating called biofilm on the tongue and oral mucosa.
This coating is thick on the posterior aspect of the tongue
where millions of gram-negative bacteriae are seen.
The thick coating on the tongue is always associated with bad breath.
Even a thin biofilm can make anaerobic conditions favorable for bacterial proliferation.
Some main causes of bad breath are Dental caries:
This is a destructive process causing decalcification with the
destruction of enamel and dentine resulting in cavitation of the tooth.
These are produced mainly by the lactobacilli.
Food particles are deposited inside these cavities and
are putrified by the anaerobic bacteria producing bad smell.
Normal brushing will not remove the food
debris easily and hence they are putrified completely.
Caries is common in schoolgoing children
and in those who don’t maintain proper oral hygiene.
Calcium and vitamin deficiency can also predispose caries.
Gingivitis can seriously cause bad breath.
Gum is a mucus membrane with supporting connective
tissue covering the tooth-bearing borders of the jaw.
The main function of gum is protection.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum.
Due to various causes gum tissue gets
infected resulting in swelling, pain, and discharge.
If the condition becomes worse the infection spreads towards
the periodontal area leading to continuous discharge called pyorrhoea.
Some times the infection goes deep producing alveolar abscess with discharge of pus.
Infection can even reach the bone causing osteomyelitis.
All these conditions can produce offensive smells.
6) Some main causes of bad breath are Gum retraction:
When the gums retract from the teeth a gap is developed
which will lodge food particles and cause bad breath.
Plaques and tartar are deposited mainly in the gaps between the teeth and gum.
This will provide shelter for the food debris and bacteria causing bad breath.
Almost all ulcerative lesions of the mouth are the main causes of bad breath.
These lesions may be caused by bacteria, viruses,
food allergies or due to autoimmune disorders.
Aphthous ulcer is the commonest among ulcerative lesions.
Others are herpes, fungal infections,
vincents angina, infectious mononucleosis,
scarlet fever, diphtheria, drug reactions, and etc.
Cancerous ulcers produce severe bad breath.
All fungal infections produce a white coating(candidiasis).
Leucoplakia is a white thick patch on the
mucous membrane of the mouth & tongue.
It is considered a precancerous condition.
Offensive breath is associated with these conditions.
9) Some main causes of bad breath are Salivary gland disease
causes of bad breath
Saliva is very useful to supply oxygen to all parts of the oral cavity.
Even a thin film of coating called biofilm can
provide an anaerobic condition in the mouth.
Saliva can wet these layers and make
an aerobic condition which is unfavorable for the bacteria.
Any condition which reduces the production
of saliva can increase bacterial activity.
Some times the salivary duct is obstructed by stones or tumors.
Cancer of the salivary gland is associated with an offensive odor.
In suppurative parotitis, purulent discharge into
the mouth is one of the main causes of bad breath.
Tonsils are a pair of lymphoid tissue situated in the lateral wall of oropharynx.
Inflammation of the tonsil is called tonsillitis.
Bad breath is seen in both acute and chronic tonsillitis.
Quinsy or peritonsillar abscess can also produce bad breath.
If bad breath persists even after maintaining proper
oral hygiene there is the possibility of this condition.
Serous fluid secreted from the folds of the tonsil is very offensive.
Some patients complain that they hawk
some cheesy materials from the throat;
which are very offensive in nature.
These are formed inside the tonsillar crypts
which contain thousands of bacteriae.
In such conditions, tonsillectomy gives noticeable relief from bad breath.
12) Some main causes of bad breath are
The pharynx is a fibromuscular tube that forms
the upper part of the digestive & respiratory tract.
Inflammation of the pharynx is called pharyngitis,
caused mainly by bacteria and viruses.
Bad breath is present in pharyngitis along
with other signs like cough and throat irritation.
Abscesses in the wall of the pharynx can also
produce an offensive discharge of pus into the throat.
It causes bad breath.
Denture users may complain about bad smell due
to the lodgement of small food debris in between.
Proper brushing may not be possible in
denture users especially fixed dentures.
14 Causes of bad breath from Tobacco:
Tobacco chewing is associated with bad breath.
The smell of tobacco itself is unpleasant for others.
Tobacco can irritate the mucous membrane and cause ulcers and coatings.
Gingivitis and pyorrhoea are common in tobacco chewers.
Tartar is deposited on the teeth mainly near the gums.
Tobacco chewers get gastric acidity with eructations.
All these causes an offensive smell.
Smokers always have a bad smell.
It can also produce lesions in the mouth & lungs causing bad breath.
Smoking increases carbon dioxide in the oral cavity &
reduces oxygen level, causing a favorable condition for bacteria.
Smoking reduces appetite & thirst, hence
acid peptic disease is common in chain smokers.
16) Some main causes of bad breath are
Lesions in the nose & ear:
Bad breath is occasionally seen in sinusitis
(infection of paranasal sinuses).
In the case of post nasal dripping bad breath is
common due to the presence of protein in the discharges.
These proteins are degraded by the bacteria.
For example infection in the middle ear with a
discharge of pus into the throat through the
eustachian tube(passage from the middle
ear to the throat)can also cause an offensive odor.
Chronic rhinitis(infection of the mucous membrane of the nose) and foreign
bodies in the nose can also produce bad smells in the expired air.
17) Some main causes of bad breath are
To demonstrate, mostly all diabetic patients suffer from bad breath.
Coated tongue, ulcers & coatings in the mouth,
the increased sugar level in tissues,
These are responsible for bad breath in diabetic patients
faster than non-diabetic individuals.
Even an acute fever can produce bad breath.
Severe bad breath is seen in typhoid.
In general, other infectious diseases like
Tuberculosis, AIDS, etc produce bad smells.
19) Some main causes of bad breath are
Fasting & dehydration:
Dry mouth favors bacterial activity.
such as, conditions that produce dryness
in the mouth make the breath offensive.
Fasting and food particles are known to produce bad breath.
Fasting reduces the production of saliva.
Keep the mouth clean by chewing and swallowing.
For one thing, a thick coating on the tongue of bedridden patients
due to limited water intake causes bad breath.
Regurgitation of food aggravates the condition.
Anaerobic bacteria becomes active when less aeration in the oral cavity is reduced
21) Some main causes of bad breath are
Some Of the main causes of bad breath
Eructation of gas and food produce an unpleasant smell.
Abnormality in the function of the lower sphincter can allow
the food to regurgitate upwards causing bad breath.
For this reason, diseases of the stomach like gastritis,
gastric ulcer and cancer are common in bad breath
22) Intestinal diseases:
Bad breath is also common in patients suffering from ulcerative
lesions of the intestine, like ulcerative colitis.
Other diseases are malabsorption syndrome intestinal tuberculosis, peritonitis, etc.
23) Diseases of lungs:
As a result lung disease like pneumonia, lung abscess, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis,
tuberculosis, lung cancer, etc can, therefore, produce bad odor during expiration.
24) Liver disorders:
Liver diseases like hepatitis, cirrhosis, can cause bad breath.
For instance, vomiting with an unpleasant odor is a sign of gall bladder disease.
25) Psychiatric patients:
To clarify psychotic patients with poor hygiene, irregular food habits,
and less water intake, etc develop bad breath
26) Somatization disorder:
Certainly, this is a psychiatric disorder characterized by the presence of
a physical symptom that suggests a medical illness.
These patients come with physical complaints such as pain,
nausea difficult respiration, bad smell, etc.
In fact, the condition is diagnosed after a detailed examination
of the patient with all investigations.
Surprisingly this psychiatric disorder has to be managed from a psychological approach.
This one works well… CLICK HERE
All twenty-six links redirect to Wikipedia for more information
[ THE POINTS MENTIONED IN THIS ARTICLE IS FOR GENERAL INFORMATION.
ANY PERSON HAVING BAD BREATH SHOULD CONSULT A QUALIFIED DOCTOR ]
All things considered, it’s very important to let you know that my website contains affiliate links, so, please read my affiliate disclosure for more information.
I accept Questions, Comments, Personal Reviews. So please feel free to leave them below in the comment box. Thank you again for visiting the Regal Assets Wealth Partner website.